Bosnians defending borders of their own multi-cultural republic are no
longer alone, as these photos demonstrate. Volunteers from Muslim
countries are finding their way into Bosnia through Croatian ports in an
effort  reminiscent of U.S.-Saudi operations mounted from Pakistan to arm
and reinforce the Afghan Mujahedeen who fought Soviet-backed forces in the
1980s. Volunteers from Western Europe, the U.S. and Canada, not all of
them Muslim, also are reaching Bosnian forces, in an operation that
recalls the international volunteers who came to the aid of the Spanish
Republic in the 1930s in an effort that slowed, but could not halt, the
tide of fascism that led to World War II. The same factors are in play
again, according to French philosopher Bernard-Henri Levy, who asserts
that "the fuse of racial hatred is long and winds through all of Europe."
Labeling lack of Western support for Bosnia "the mentality of Munich,"
Levy says what is at stake in Bosnia is "the essence of Europe: tolerance
and co-existence...If Sarajevo dies, so does the idea of Europe embodied
in the Maastricht Treaty." Pictured are international brigade members
stationed at Igman, four kilometres from Sarajevo, to defend the mountain
road over which supplies reach the Bosnian capital.
Photos include American, Belgian, British, Irish, Saudi and Turk
volunteers (the last one holding his country's star-and-crescent flag).


Weiterlesen: soc.culture.bosna-herzgvna

Capacitan a ONGs sobre campa

Econnect, miembro de la Asociación para el Progreso de las Comunicaciones (APC) en la República Checa, está capacitando a las ONG para que sus campañas en línea sean verdaderamente efectivas.

La sesión de capacitación se inicia con el análisis de dos campañas electrónicas recientes que lograron buenos resultados. Una de ellas es "Coke Spotlight" (Coca Cola en la mira), campaña electrónica que logró poner presión sobre los fabricantes de Coca-Cola para que adoptaran una nueva política de refrigeración que disminuya el impacto que ésta tiene sobre los cambios climáticos del planeta; esto se logró antes de los primeros Juegos Ecológicos de Sydney, en junio. La otra campaña es "Balkan Sunflowers" (Girasoles de los Balcanes), un proyecto cercano a Econnect ya que gran parte de su personal trabajó como voluntario para esta organización dedicada a trabajar con personas traumatizadas por los sucesos ocurridos en la región.

Weiterlesen: Capacitan a ONGs sobre campa

Conflict and Co-Operation in the Virtual Community: eMail and the Wars of the Yugoslav Succession'

Paul Stubbs (1998) '
Sociological Research Online, vol. 3, no. 3, <>

To cite articles published in Sociological Research Online, please reference the above information and include paragraph numbers if necessary

Received: 4/6/98      Accepted: 28/9/98      Published: 30/9/98



This article focuses on the use of computer-mediated communication (CMC) during the wars of the Yugoslav succession, through three case studies of particular eMail networks, discussion groups and bulletin boards: zamir; APC/Yugo/Antiwar; and the Soc/Culture/Croatia and Soc/Culture/Yugoslavia newsgroups. The text addresses the relationship between 'real' and 'virtual' communities and looks, in particular, at the role of eMail as a tool for social, political and cultural change. Despite the rhetoric of CMC as an inherently liberating and democratising medium, the suggestion is that power relations remain crucial in understanding all of the case studies. eMail may be most effective when part of a local discourse and practice of social change. The article concludes with a consideration of the link between different kinds of trust, or social capital, within the eMail world.

Weiterlesen: Conflict and Co-Operation in the Virtual Community: eMail and the Wars of the Yugoslav Succession'

Die Kuenstler als Katalysatoren

Hinter dem Büroraum im Schaufenster liegt die Wohnung des Künstlerpaars. Im Flur steht eine kleine Kiste, die Tangens und padeluun in der deutschen "net community" bekannter gemacht hat als in der Kunstszene: Es ist der Server der Bionic, die 1989 ans Netz ging und sich rasch zu einer der wichtigsten Mailboxen in Deutschland entwickelte. In der Kiste, die kleiner als ein Samsonite-Reisekoffer ist, haben sich in den letzten acht Jahren Freundschaften und Feindschaften entwickelt, auf der Festplatte des Computers wurde diskutiert, organisiert und Informationen ausgetauscht.

Weiterlesen: Die Kuenstler als Katalysatoren